What You Need to Know About the Retina

February 18, 2019

What is The Retina?

Though each part of your eye works together so that you can see, the retina may have the biggest job of all. The retina is a thin membrane in the back of your eye and it’s task is to pass incoming light rays to the brain through the optic nerve. Your brain then takes the light and deciphers it into images. The retina accomplishes this through a series of photoreceptor cells called rods and cones. The rods look for any movement, give you black and white vision, and help you see in low light settings. Cones handle central vision, color vision and help you see in medium to high light settings.

What Eye Conditions Can Affect the Retina?

If the retina becomes altered by disease, it can lead to problems with blurry or distorted vision, waviness, or permanent blindness. Some of the top conditions that can cause these sensations are as follows:


This retinal condition is a leading cause of vision loss in the U.S. In fact, 1 in 14 Americans age 40 or over have macular degeneration. As you age, this condition damages the macula, where your rods and cones are stored in the back of your eye. Symptoms range from blurred vision to blank spots as well as dim colored vision.


A retinal tear occurs when there is a break in the retina’s tissue, and can lead to retinal detachment, which can cause blindness if not treated properly. Though it can happen without cause, retinal tears also occur in conjunction with other eye conditions, especially nearsightedness. Symptoms of retinal tears are either flashes of light or floaters.


Metabolic conditions such as diabetes can have severe impacts on your vision, especially the health of your retina. Diabetic Retinopathy weakens the vessels to release fluid and blood into the surrounding tissue. Symptoms include floaters, blurry vision and damage to color vision as well as permanent blindness.

Come See Our Retinal Specialists

The retina is essential to your vision, and our retinal specialists, Dr. Robert Vogel and Dr. Golnaz Javey, are committed to helping you maintain good eye health through advanced treatments and technology. Schedule an appointment today!

What Our Patients Think

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    I couldn't recommend a better doctor, a better facility, and I'm so glad I did it.
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    "I could not have asked for a better experience at Piedmont Eye Center. From my very first visit, the staff was friendly, knowledgeable, and genuinely interested in me."
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    "I wish I would have done it many years ago now."
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    Bryan Mitchell / ANALYST
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    "They ensured that the entire process from preliminary appointments to follow up visits went seamlessly – the perfect team that gave me perfect vision."
    "All and all, this has been a very pleasant and beneficial period for me. I recommend it highly for anyone in a similar situation.'
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    "The procedure was painless, and now I’m happy to say I only wear glasses to read. I have 20/20 vision in my left eye and 20/25 in my right. "
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    "Dr. Bowers and his staff treated me with the utmost in professional care, making sure I was comfortable throughout the entire process."
  • Barbara / RETIRED
    "The procedure was pain free and I am so pleased with the results. It was money well spent and it is unbelievable how clear and colorful everything is. I want to tell Dr. Bowers and his staff how grateful I am."
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    "Doctor Vogel has treated me professionally as has his staff. They have been caring and have answered my questions to my satisfaction."
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    Jon Dupin / PASTOR
    "LASIK is not just a medical advancement to me; it’s a miracle"
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    "Because of Dr. Bowers and his team at Piedmont Eye Center, my everyday life is now a whole lot easier. "
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    "My experience of having Laser Vision Correction was fantastic. Dr. Bowers and all his staff are so knowledgeable and professional, yet very personal, warm, caring, and friendly."
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  • Adelia / RETIRED
    "God led me to Dr. Vogel. He is absolutely the most wonderful doctor in the world. Not only is he a great doctor, he is a great ‘people person’. You always feel safe with him."
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    Penny Abbott / Financial Consultant
    "From the great staff who helped me, to the simplicity of setting up my flexible spending account, to my complete satisfaction and enjoyment of having clear sight, this has been an easy process."
    "The staff at Piedmont eased my nerves and the procedure was swift and smooth."
  • Sue Earsing and lasik eye surgery
    "I have always seen the world through glasses or contacts, so the sharpness of vision I have now was never there before."
    “Dr. Bowers not only met my expectations, he surpassed them. I had no idea that vision like this was possible. I no longer struggle in the shadows of a course- everything is clearer.”
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    "Piedmont Eye Center takes care of the little things to make LASIK a comfortable process."
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